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BicubicResize(clip clip int target_width, int target_height, float b, float c)

BilinearResize(clip clip int target_width, int target_height)

LanczosResize(clip clip int target_width, int target_height)

Lanczos4Resize(clip clip int target_width, int target_height)

PointResize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height)

BicubicResize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height, float b, float c, float src_left, float src_top, float src_width, float src_height)

BilinearResize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height, float src_left, float src_top, float src_width, float src_height)

LanczosResize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height, float src_left, float src_top, float src_width, float src_height)

Lanczos4Resize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height, float src_left, float src_top, float src_width, float src_height)

PointResize(clip clip, int target_width, int target_height, float src_left, float src_top, float src_width, float src_height)

For all resizes you can use an expanded syntax which crops before resizing. The same operations are performed as if you put a Crop before the Resize, there can be a slight speed difference.

Crop(10, 10, 200, 300).BilinearResize(100, 150)

is the same as

BilinearResize(100, 150, 10, 10, 200, 300)

Important: AviSynth has completely seperate vertical and horizontal resizers. If input is the same as output on one axis, that resizer will be skipped. Which one is called first, is determined by which one has the smallest downscale ratio. This is done to preserve maximum quality, so the 2nd resizer has the best possible picture to work with. Data storing will have an impact on what modulos that should be used for sizes when Resizeing and Cropping, see the Crop page.

The BilinearResize filter rescales the input video frames to an arbitrary new resolution. If you supply the optional source arguments, the result is the same as if you had applied Crop with those arguments to the clip before BilinearResize (except faster).

BilinearResize uses standard bilinear filtering and is almost identical to VirtualDub's "precise bilinear" resizing option. It's only "almost" because VirtualDub's filter seems to get the scaling factor slightly wrong, with the result that pixels at the top and right of the image get either clipped or duplicated. (This error is noticeable when expanding the frame size by a factor or two or more, but insignificant otherwise, so I wouldn't worry too much about it.)


# Load a video file and resize it to 240x180 (from whatever it was before)

# Load a 720x480 (CCIR601) video and resize it to 352x240 (VCD),
# preserving the correct aspect ratio
AviSource("dv.avi").BilinearResize(352, 240, 8, 0, 704, 480)

# Extract the upper-right quadrant of a 320x240 video and zoom it
# to fill the whole frame
BilinearResize(320, 240, 160, 0, 160, 120)

BicubicResize is similar to BilinearResize, except that instead of a linear filtering function it uses the Mitchell-Netravali two-part cubic. The parameters b and c can be used to adjust the properties of the cubic, they are sometimes referred to as "blurring" and "ringing" respectively.

With b = 0 and c = 0.75 the filter is exactly the same as VirtualDub's "precise bicubic" and the results are identical except for the VirtualDub scaling problem mentioned above. The default is b = 1/3 and c = 1/3, which were the values recommended by Mitchell and Netravali as yielding the most visually pleasing results in subjective tests of human beings. Larger values of b and c can produce interesting op-art effects--for example, try b = 0 and c = -5.

If you are magnifying your video, you will get much better-looking results with BicubicResize than with BilinearResize. However, if you are shrinking it, you are probably just as well off, or even better off, with BilinearResize. Although VirtualDub's bicubic filter does produce better-looking images than its bilinear filter, this is mainly because the bicubic filter sharpens the image, not because it samples it better. Sharp images are nice to look at--until you try to compress them, at which point they turn nasty on you very quickly. The BicubicResize default doesn't sharpen nearly as much as VirtualDub's bicubic, but it still sharpens more than the bilinear. If you plan to encode your video at a low bitrate, I wouldn't be at all surprised if BilinearResize yields better quality.

You have to set

b + 2 * c = 1

for the numerically most accurate filter. This gives for b = 0 the maximum value for c = 0.5, which is the Catmull-Rom spline and a good suggestion for sharpness.

From c>0.6 the filter starts to "ring". You won't get real sharpness, what you'll get is crispening like on a TV set.

No negative values are allowed for b. Then stay on b=0.

LanczosResize is an alternative to BicubicResize with high values of c about 0.6 ... 0.75 which produces quite strong sharpening. It usually offers better quality (fewer artifacts) and a sharp image.

Lanczos was created for AviSynth because it retained so much detail, more so even than BicubicResize(x,y,0,0.75). As you might know, the more detail a frame has, the more diffiult it is to compress it. This means that Lanczos is NOT suited for low bitrate video, the various Bicubic flavours are much better for this. If however you have enough bitrate then using Lanczos will give you a better picture, but in general I do not recommend using it for 1 CD rips because the bitrate is usually too low (there are exceptions of course).

Lanczos4Resize is closely related to LanczosResize (correct name: Lanczos3Resize). The latter uses 2*3=6 lobes and the former 2*4=8 lobes to do the resizing. The result is that Lanczos4Resize produces sharper images. Especially usefull when upsizing a clip.

"For upsampling (making the image larger), the filter is sized such that the entire equation falls across 4 input samples, making it a 4-tap filter. It doesn't matter how big the output image is going to be - it's still just 4 taps. For downsampling (making the image smaller), the equation is sized so it will fall across 4 *destination* samples, which obviously are spaced at wider intervals than the source samples. So for downsampling by a factor of 2 (making the image half as big), the filter covers 2*4=8 input samples, and thus 8 taps. For 3x downsampling, you need 3*4=12 taps, and so forth.

Thus the total number of taps you need for downsampling is the downsampling ratio times the number of lobes (thus Tx downsampling and LanczoskResize results in T*2*k taps). And practically, one needs to round that up to the next even integer. For upsampling, it's always 4 taps." Source: [avsforum post].

PointResize is the simplest resizer possible. It uses a Point Sampler or Nearest Neighbour algorithm, which usually results in a very blocky image. So in general this filter should only be used, if you intend to have inferior quality, or you need the clear pixel drawings. Useful for magnifying small areas for examination.


v2.55 added Lanczos4Resize

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Document last modified Mon, 06 Dec 2004 16:58:33